This is the VOA Special English Economics Report, from In December, President Obama told some of the nation’s top bankers that they need to explore “every responsible way” to make more loans. The president said “Americas banks received extraordinary assistance from American taxpayers to rebuild their industry. And now that theyre back on their feet, we expect extraordinary commitment from them to help rebuild the economy.” Major banks have been doing well since the worst of the financial crisis shook Wall Street more than a year ago. Banks including Bank of America, Citigroup and Wells Fargo have recently announced plans to repay government rescue money. New profits and freedom from the pay limits tied to federal aid mean bankers can again receive big bonuses. But critics say banks are profiting mainly from trading activities, not from making loans to small businesses or homeowners. Britain has placed a fifty percent tax on bonuses for bankers. There have been calls for similar measures in the United States. Unemployment rates are the highest in a generation — ten percent nationally in November. An estimated seventeen percent of the labor force either lacks a job or is not working enough to pay all the bills. The weak job market has not only hurt spending. It also puts pressure on homeowners who are struggling to pay their mortgage loans. Record numbers have been told that they could lose their homes. Banks are expected to have sent almost four

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